Fiberoptic intubation slideshare

Fiberoptic intubation 1. : ‫م‬1 2051 ‫م‬ 1 Dr. Wesam Farid Mousa Assisstant Professor Anesthesia & ICU Dammam Hospital of the University 2. Basics of Fiberoptic Intubation 3. 1897 First rigid bronchoscopy he removed a bone (11Χ3 mm) from right main stem bronchus Gustav Killian, M.D. 1860-1921 Mainz, Germany 4 Fiberoptic intubation. Presenter: DR.TREVOR. Moderator: DR.RANJAN . We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads

Fiberoptic intubation - SlideShar

  1. Use of flexible fiberoptic scope for awake intubation Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website
  2. e the throat or assist endotracheal intubation when a person cannot extend or flex their head. 9. PROCEDURE • The intubation procedure will vary depending on its purpose and whether it occurs in an operating room or an emergency situation
  3. 14. PROCEDURE. - The patient's nasopharynx and oropharynx are anesthetized topically with lidocaine spray before the insertion of the bronchoscope. A bite block may be used. - The patient is placed in the sitting or supine position, and the scope is inserted through the nose or mouth and into the pharynx
  4. Slideshow search results for intubation Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website
  5. istered dose: 1. Nasopharynx (ointment)= 50mg 2. Glossopharyngeal nerve= 80mg 3. Superior Laryngeal nerve= 120mg 4. Recurrent Laryngeal nerve=200mg Total without nasopharynx = 400mg Total with nasopharynx = 450mg
  6. No SlideShare. 0 A partir de incorporações. 0 Instead, visualization of the larynx is performed with a fiberoptic or digital laryngoscope inserted transnasally or transorally.[1] The images from video laryngoscopy can be displayed on a monitor for the clinician, patient, and others to view at the time of the procedure; it can also be.

Complete fiberoptic - SlideShar

  1. ds. Foreword Welcome to the 2016 edition of the Fibreoptic Intubation Training Manual
  2. Awake fiberoptic intubation: sedation without respiratory depression and some dry mouth make it ideal. Has been used to treat withdrawal and delirium, unclear data. Weaning from vent in ICU. Adverse effects. Bradycardia, hypotension, prolonged duration. Author: Jed Wolpaw Created Date: 07/12/2016 14:05:4
  3. View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Endotracheal Intubation Procedure PPT. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Endotracheal Intubation Procedure PP
  4. The Ovassapian airway is also used for oral fiberoptic intubation. It features some plastic ridges in its design which guide the ET tube in the midline. A disadvantage of this airway in comparison with the Berman airway is the fact that there is no 'channel' for the distal half of the airway, where it is pretty much just a flat plastic blade..
  5. 1. Introduction. First described in anesthetic practice in 1931, selective endobronchial intubation combined with positive pressure ventilation was the long awaited solution to the deadly pneumothorax problem associated with chest opening. 1 Whilst providing positive pressure ventilation, various types of catheters with an inflatable distal balloon (e.g., urinary catheter, Fogarty embolectomy.
  6. Fiberoptic intubation-(awake)- a fiberoptic scope is used that has an eyepiece to visualize the larynx and a handle to control the tip. It is usually 2 1/2 - 3 feet long. It is inserted in the patient's throat and guided to the larynx and glottic opening. The endotracheal tube is then slid over the fiberoptic scope into the trachea. Thi

Available medical and surgical approaches include oropharyngeal airways, endotracheal intubation (transnasal or oral), tracheotomy, cricothyroidotomy, fiberoptic intubation, and the administration. Laryngoscope • It is a metallic medical device with in-built light source, which is used, for direct laryngoscopy. • This device is of two types, simple laryngoscope & fiber-optic laryngoscope. • It is for direct inspection of larynx. It has two separate parts; handle and interchangeable blades. • Macintosh (curved) and Miller (straight. SlideShare Explorar Pesquisar Voc • Blind nasal/ awake nasal intubation • Use of fiberoptic intubation • Retrograde intubation • In case where all these methods are not possible, a temporal elective tracheostomy is planned. 22. APPROACHES TO THE T.M.J. 1. Preauricular incision lung isolation, endobronchial ventilation, endobronchial tubes, anesthesia for chest surgery, endotracheal tube, uninvent tube, bronchial blocker, one lung a.. Keywords: Ludwigsangina ,trasechtomy, fiberoptic intubation INTRODUCTION: Ludwig's angina, otherwise known as Angina Ludovici, is a serious, potentially life-threatening cellulitis, or connective tissue infection, of the floor of the mouth, usually occurring in adults with concomitant dental infections and if lef

—Emergency airway access when endotracheal intubation is unsuccessful —Conduit for fiberoptic intubation; Preparation: Prior to LMA insertion, the universal protocol should be performed including timeout, consent, and equipment setup —Equipment: Ensure the availability and functioning of all required equipment including Design, setup, lung isolation, lung suctio

Intubation is a bedside procedure in which a tube is inserted either into your nose or mouth to help you breathe better. It is a life-saving procedure done in emergency situations. Intubation through the mouth is known as orotracheal intubation and through the nose is known as nasotracheal intubation Studies with observational findings indicate that awake fiberoptic intubation is successful in 88-100% of difficult airway patients (Category B3-B evidence). 49-53 Case reports using other methods for awake intubation (e.g., blind tracheal intubation, intubation through supraglottic devices, optically guided intubation) also report success. Laryngoscopy is used in the visualization and examination of larynx. A laryngoscope is a device which is composed of blades, light source and handle. The fiber optic light source is used in illumination and visualization of the internal laryngeal inlet under direct vision or line of sight facilitating the placement of a tracheal tube beyond the. Nasal fiberoptic intubation is the modality of choice if feasible, but video laryngoscopy can be considered as well, depending on a case by case basis [13]. Consider consulting anesthesia if they are in house for assistance with the airway if you feel it is necessary Fiberoptic nasopharyngoscopy is indicated when visualization of the nasopharyngeal anatomy is needed for diagnosis, treatment, or both. [ 4] In the nasal cavity, fiberoptic nasopharyngoscopy can visualize polyps, tumors, foreign bodies, or sources of epistaxis. In the nasopharynx, the scope can help identify suspected tumors or adenoidal.

Awake fiberoptic intubation - SlideShar

In a subsequent report, a patient ventilated for 90 minutes at only 20 psi developed a pneumothorax. 343 Chan and Manninen also described use of the ETVC to provide jet ventilation. 368 After performing a fiberoptic intubation in a patient with an unstable cervical spine, they discovered that the cuff of the ETT had been damaged. They inserted. View Airway Adjuncts PPTs online, safely and virus-free! Many are downloadable. Learn new and interesting things. Get ideas for your own presentations. Share yours for free An awake flexible fiberoptic intubation, inhalational induction, and intravenous induction with muscle relaxants 17, 33, 74, 76 have been used successfully, but none should be considered fail-safe. Thorough preoperative discussion of the surgical pathology and formulation of closely coordinated airway management plan with the surgeon are. What is endotracheal intubation? Endotracheal intubation is a procedure by which a tube is inserted through the mouth down into the trachea (the large airway airway management of maxillofacial traum

plete fiberoptic linkedin slideshare. intubation through a laryngeal mask aintree catheter. fiberoptic intubation troubles with the tube. st vincent s health department of anaesthesia and acute. nasotracheal fiberoptic intubation patient fort. maximize payment for fiberoptic intubation supercoder. what is fiberoptic intubation with pictures No SlideShare. 0 A partir de incorporações. 0 Número de incorporações . 32 ill patient in whom reintubation may be difficult or impossible and in patients with a known difficult airway requiring fiberoptic intubation with a conventional endotracheal tube - Unnecessary to convert from a conventional double-lumen endotracheal tube to a. Techniques for Difficult Intubation Stylet Intubating stylet-tube changer Alternative laryngoscope (e.g. McCoy, Bullard, Intubating LMA,etc) Awake intubation Blind intubation (oral or nasal) Fiberoptic intubation Illuminating stylet / Light wand Retrograde intubation Surgical airway access Techniques for Difficult Intubation The specific CPT code for elective intubation is 31500. Fiberoptic Intubation Involves topicalization of the posterior pharynx and then using a flexible, fiberoptic bronchoscope to enter the trachea and then serve as a guide for placement of an endotracheal tube through the vocal cords

Intubation ppt - SlideShar

The Intubation Contraindications for nasal intubatins are a little different from that of the oral intubation. 1. Basal skull fractures and CSF rhinorrhea: There have been case reports of tube reaching cranium and also CSF leak into nose can cause cerebral infection. Hence before ant intubation, history of any head injury and the type of injury. Flex Fiberoptic tools are ideal as it more easily allows you to attempt an upright intubation to maintain an open airway position [9]. A surgical airway kit should also be at the bedside in case of sudden complete airway collapse intubation flexible fibreoptic chapter 13. fiberoptic intubation linkedin slideshare. fibreoptic intubation book 2000 worldcat. difficulties in tracheal intubation google books. fibreoptic intubation anaesthesia 10 1046 j 1365 2044 intubation through a laryngeal mask aintree cathete Patients that require urgent, but not emergent intubation (e.g. facial burns) may be best intubated by awake fiberoptic intubation with anesthesia and ENT in attendance.To learn more about airway management, check out the videos at Own the Airway! Major trauma patients should be suspected of having cervical spine injuries

Laryngoscopy is used in the visualization and examination of larynx. A laryngoscope is a device which is composed of blades, light source and handle. The fiber optic light source is used in illumination and visualization of the internal laryngeal inlet under direct vision or line of sight facilitating the placement of a tracheal tube beyond the. Flexible fiberoptic intubation [25] Description. A flexible fiberoptic laryngoscope is used to visualize the glottis and guide an endotracheal tube into place, under minimal sedation and with no paralysis (i.e., awake intubation). Local anesthetic is used to minimize airway sensation/reflexes and medication is used to reduce secretions. Indication The rest of the treatment is based on the location of injury or zone*. If the patient is stable, awake flexible fiberoptic examination can be performed; if minimal trauma visualized, oral intubation can be attempted; If attempts at oral intubation fail or are unsafe due to significant trauma, a surgical airway is required With intrinsic laryngeal pathology (step 3), safest approach is with the patient breathing spontaneously, using fiberoptic intubation, or a surgical airway (tracheotomy) below the level of the lesion. At step 4, the decision to use RSI is a matter of judgment, not a strict contraindication In advanced airway management, rapid sequence induction (RSI) - also referred to as rapid sequence intubation or as rapid sequence induction and intubation (RSII) or as crash induction - is a special process for endotracheal intubation that is used where the patient is at a high risk of pulmonary aspiration.It differs from other techniques for inducing general anesthesia in that several.

Fibre optic bronchoscopy - SlideShar

Lightwand tracheal intubation is a suitable airway aid in trauma patients where intubation is to be done in the neutral position or with minimal head extension. Its second major advantage is that its success is not significantly impacted by the presence of blood and secretion Fiberoptic bronchoscope 2.8mm diameter. 12 Pediatric Videoscope 2.8mm diameter. 13 Pediatric videoscope 3.8mm diameter. 14 Adult videoscope 4.9 mm diameter. 15 INDICATIONS. When flexible bronchoscopy is the best, easiest, safest, most efficient way to obtain the information ; 16 AIRWAY ANATOMY 17 TECHNIQUE 18 TECHNIQUE. Anesthesi Endotracheal intubation is the placement of a tube into the trachea (windpipe) in order to maintain an open airway in patients who are unconscious or unable to breathe on their own. Oxygen, anesthetics, or other gaseous medications can be delivered through the tube

Oral endotracheal intubation with small (4.0 to 6.0) endotracheal tube (MLT tube = microlaryngeal/tracheal tube) Short-term paralysis (duration dependent on procedure; communicate with anesthesiologist) Preoperative Systemic Medications Glycopyrrolate 0.1 to 0.2 mg IM may be considered on call to operating room - no longer routin Airway Management Options. Broadly classified into 1) closed system, 2) open system. Closed system (intubation): General anesthesia with ETT (microlaryngoscopy tube or laser tube) Open system (no intubation, tubeless technique): Topical/local anesthesia with sedation. General anesthesia without intubation. Apnea & intermittent intubation/bag. Awake fiberoptic intubation can be attempted in the cooperative patient as an initial attempt to secure the airway. Direct and video-assisted laryngoscopy may be attempted, but the necessary sedation requires rapid access to airway and associated swelling and secretions can limit visualization. If an emergency surgical airway is required, the. Keywords: Intubation, intratracheal, one-lung ventilation, bronchoscopy, fiber optic technology, thoracic surgical procedure Introduction Lung isolation techniques are used to facilitate one-lung ventilation (OLV) in patients undergo-ing thoracic surgery [1]. Double-lumen tubes (DLTs) are currently the most widely use

'intubation' on SlideShar

  1. Nasotracheal intubation may be performed in patients undergoing maxillofacial surgery or dental procedures or when orotracheal intubation is not feasible (eg, patients with limited mouth opening). Nasotracheal intubation (see the video below) used to be the preferred route for prolonged intubation in critical care units, but nasal damage, sin..
  2. To assist awake fiberoptic intubation-topical application, spray as you go technique, using MADgic device etc., 2% or 4% lignocaine. In ophthalmology and optometry-0.5% proparacaine, 0.4% oxybuprocaine, 2% lignocaine aqueous gel and drops, 0.5% tetracaine. To numb the outermost layers of the cornea and conjunctiva to
  3. Personally, I would favor intubation with a flexible fiberoptic bronchoscope (although I have also successfully used an Airtraq in an awake patient with adequately topicalized airway). During an awake intubation, I would maintain the patient in the sitting/beach chair position, to maximize airway patency

Mortality is as low as 0.01% with a major complication rate of 0.08-2%. In recent years, the use of flexible bronchoscopy (FB) has increased in critical care and anaesthesia. It has become a standard of care for examining, diagnosing, and managing critical care patients, and an important adjunct in anaesthetic management of airway problems Anesthesia for Thoracic Surgery James B. Eisenkraft Edmond Cohen Steven M. Neustein Key Points It is important to determine prior to the onset of anesthesia and surgery whether the patient will be able to tolerate the planned lung resection. Preoperative assessment of vital capacity is critical because at least three times the tidal volume (VT

Awake intubation distribution - SlideShar

She was successfully intubated in 2007 for cervical fusion surgery via awake nasal fiber-optic intubation (FOI) after failed oral FOI. She refused awake FOI for this surgery. On physical examination, she was a well-appearing, attractive woman with achondroplastic features. Height and weight were 48 inches and 88 pounds, respectively RE the meconium aspirator and intubation: EMCrit Podcast 5 - Intubating the Critical GI Bleeder and A novel set-up to allow suctioning during direct endotracheal and fiberoptic intubation from EMCrit References. Young W. Chapter 66. Hemoptysis. In: Tintinalli JE et al. eds. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide, 7e Intubation was performed using a Portex 'Ivory' cuffed nasotracheal tube lubricated with water-soluble jelly. A tube with an internal diameter of 6.5 mm was used for men and 6 mm for women. The tube was passed through either nostril with the slant of the bevel facing to the left. The ease of passing the tube through the nostril was noted

Video & fibreoptic laryngoscope - SlideShar

  1. LeFort fractures most frequently result from high-speed deceleration crashes in which the midface or maxilla strike a stationary object (dashboard, pavement). These injuries may also be produced by striking the face with a rigid object (tire iron, baseball bat). Forces directed at the midface from straight on tend to cause LeFort I and II.
  2. Some anesthesiologists may prefer awake fiberoptic intubation rather than rapid sequence induction/intubation in morbidly and super morbidly obese patients (BMI > 50 kg/m 2), especially when they have associated problems. 49 An advantage of this approach is the maintenance of airway patency during spontaneous breathing until an unhurried.
  3. J. Eric Piña-Garza MD, in Fenichel's Clinical Pediatric Neurology (Seventh Edition), 2013. Management. Congenital hydrocephalus caused by aqueductal stenosis is severe, does not respond to medical therapy directed at decreasing the volume of CSF, and progresses to a stage that harms the brain. Diversion of the CSF from the ventricular system to an extracranial site is the only effective.
  4. The smallest fiberoptic bronchoscope with flexible control of the tip has an outer diameter (OD) of 1.8 mm (Olympus Corporation of America, New Hyde Park, NY) and can easily accommodate an endotracheal tube 2.5 mm in inner diameter (ID) without the connector (Fig. 10-9) (Finer et al., 1992)
  5. Intubation techniques involving rapid sequence, the use of the Bullard laryngoscope, flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy, and techniques involving the use of fluoroscopy have all been described for patients with presumed C-spine injuries (Watts et al., 1997; Criswell et al., 1994; Morell et al., 1997; Zanette et al., 1997) (see Chapter 10.

Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint - Beautifully designed chart and diagram s for PowerPoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects. Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over 1000 impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience intubation in a patient. advanced airway management course 2019 guy s hospital. fiber optic intubation. fibreoptic intubation book 2000 worldcat. fibreoptic intubation anaesthesia 10 1046 j 1365 2044. practical fibreoptic intubation 9780750644969 medicine. fiberoptic intubation linkedin slideshare. tracheal intubation flexible fibreoptic. Airway 'protection' refers to preventing the lower airway, i.e. trachea, bronchial tree and lung, from aspiration. (Cuffed) endotracheal tubes seal the lower airway of at the cuff location in the trachea. Even with a 'good' cuff seal, there is still a risk of micro-aspiration (Hamilton & Grap, 2012), especially with long-term ventilation in the. Approximately 12% to 15% of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 infection require invasive ventilation via endotracheal intubation. The key to minimizing risk of disease transmission during this aerosol-generating procedure is careful preparation, which includes having necessary equipment and medications on hand as well as an experienced intubation team who can troubleshoot any unforeseen.

Intubation in 25% ! Peds: ! 16% artificial ventilation ! 26% remain able to walk CLINICAL PRESENTATION ! Triphasic model: ! progressive weakness till nadir plateau (days, wks or several months) slower recovery phase ! peds: ! progressive phase mean 10-12 days ! plateau phase 10-12 days (range: days - 4 wks Airway evaluation Preparing for intubation Mask ventilation Laryngeal mask airway Direct laryngoscopy Glidescope Fiberoptic intubation Surgical airwa

Fiber optic systems are superior to metallic conductors in many applications. Their greatest advantage is bandwidth. Because of the wavelength of light, it is possible to transmit a signal that contains considerably more information than is possible with a metallic conductor — even a coaxial conductor. Other advantages include Oral entotracheal intubation: Placement of the distal tip of an ETT in the trachea, typically using direct laryngoscopy, although the procedure can be performed using a fiberoptic bronchoscope to locate the airway and subsequently threading the ETT over the bronchoscope into the trachea. Nasal endotracheal intubation: Placement of the distal.

Requires additional instrument for insertion (laryngoscope, glidescope, fiberoptic). Laryngoscope blades (average adult size): MAC 3 or 4, Miller 2 or 3. ETTs require mastery of technique for consistent appropriate placement. Average size of ETT for orotracheal intubation for adults is 7.5mm Re-intubation may be lifesaving for persistent airway obstruction. Consider awake fiberoptic intubation. 3) Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury. Incidence of injury is 0.77% for unilateral damage resulting in hoarseness and 0.39% for bilateral damage with associated aphonia and airway obstruction. 4) Wound infection Jet ventilation refers to delivery of oxygen via high pressure jet ventilator. During HFJV the ventilation gas is intermittently administered by an injector with a high frequency into the airway which is open to the outside. Exhalation occurs passively in the area nearby the wall of the airway cross-section

Ppt Endotracheal-intubation-procedure Powerpoint

fiberoptic en doscopy and in cluding gene ral ICU patients within 48 h from extubation found that post-extubation Fig. 2 The role of the vagal pathways in the development of lung injury The results of using a prewarmed tube for nasotracheal intubation are variable.1-3Although studies in adults suggest reduced bleeding, its efficacy in pediatric patients seems to be poor.1-4In the control group in the study by Watt et al .,1where tracheal intubation was achieved by using a tube at room temperature, the incidence of bleeding was 56%, significantly higher than in the control. Inducible laryngeal obstruction (ILO) describes an inappropriate, transient, reversible narrowing of the larynx in response to external triggers. ILO is an important cause of a variety of respiratory symptoms and can mimic asthma. Current understanding of ILO has been hampered by imprecise nomenclature and variable approaches to assessment and management

Simple airway adjuncts Anesthesia Airway Management (AAM

  1. Propofol infusion has been used successfully instead of inhalational induction before both conventional laryngoscopy [2, 3] and intubation via a 'dedicated airway'[4, 5], and in patients with stridor [3, 6].For awake fibreoptic intubation, the patient experience and ease of the technique can be improved by careful sedation with propofol or remifentanil; these may be used singly or in.
  2. Hemithorax white-out (differential) Dr Mostafa El-Feky and Dr Laughlin Dawes et al. Complete white-out of a hemithorax on the chest x-ray has a limited number of causes. The differential diagnosis can be shortened further with one simple observation: the position of the trachea
  3. Fiberoptic intubation: A fiberoptic scope is inserted and guided under direct visualization into the larynx, and then the endotracheal tube is fed over it. Retrograde intubation: Puncture the cricothyroid membrane with a large-bore needle aimed cephalad, and then feed the guidewire through up to the mouth. Feed the endotracheal tube down the.
  4. Dysphagia including post-extubation dysphagia (PED) is a concern in hospitalized patients on intensive care units (ICUs). Earlier studies, which were mostly limited by study design, patient selection, and/or limited patient numbers [1,2,3,4,5,6], reported conflicting and inconsistent results regarding the incidence of post-extubation dysphagia.In fact, incidence rates ranged from 3 to 62% []
  5. 3. Markers of poor general medical condition (e.g., renal dysfunction, liver disease, lung disease, electrolyte imbalance) 3. Patients in the lowest risk quartile (0 to 5 points) had less than a 1% risk of postoperative major cardiac complications. In the two middle quartiles with 6 to 25 points, the major cardiac event risk was 9%, and 22% of.

Isolation of the lung: Double-lumen tubes and

Types of intubation - New Mexico State Universit

Chapter 46: Management of Pa tients with Gast ric and Duodenal Disor ders: - Gastritis: o Inflammation of t he gas tric or st omach mucosa. o Common GI pr oblem. o May be ac ute, las ting sever al hour s to a f ew da ys. Classified as erosiv e or non-er osiv e, based on pathologic ma nifes ta tions 2- Rarely tracheostomy or intubation in severe distress 3- Laser to remove excess mucosal folds, division of aryepiglottic fold 3-Congenital subglottic stenosis 4-Subglottic haemangioma Reddish subglottic soft mass, situated posteriorly or laterally. Stridor at age of 3-6 months, no hoarseness or bleeding

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is an insult to the spinal cord resulting in a change, either temporary or permanent, in its normal motor, sensory, or autonomic function. Patients with spinal cord injury usually have permanent and often devastating neurologic deficits and disability I connected my LinkedIn and SlideShare accounts Intubation using laryngoscope, bougie, AirTraq (video assisted), and Fiberoptic Endoscopes in difficult airways. Performed over 500 intubations Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Corona Virus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), is a single-stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA) encapsulated corona virus and is highly contagious. Transmission is thought to be predominantly by droplet spread (i.e. relatively large particles that settle in the air), and direct contact with the patient, rather than 'airborne spread.

Fiber optic bronchoscopic (FOB) intubation |Awake

(PDF) Diagnosis and management of upper airway obstructio

Approach Considerations. Acute choking, with respiratory failure associated with tracheal or laryngeal foreign body obstruction, may be successfully treated at the scene with the Heimlich maneuver, back blows, and abdominal thrusts. Even in nonemergency situations, expeditious removal of tracheobronchial foreign bodies is recommended Difficult Airway Course Curriculum CME course when and where you want it! The up to 7 hour AOD airway workshop is designed to present the clinician with the same materials covered in a two day conference. Additionally, the course is given locally and at a choice of date in order to eliminate travel costs and minimize lost work time Fiberoptic intubation is a sensible course of action, especially for patients thought to have sustained a cervical spine injury or who exhibit gross distortion of the airway. Limitations include clinician inexperience, lack of necessary equipment, and copious bleeding or secretions. Percutaneous transtracheal intubation, also referred to as. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the second most common hospital-acquired infection among pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Empiric therapy for VAP accounts for approximately 50% of antibiotic use in pediatric ICUs. VAP is. Ludwig's angina is a rapidly progressive and possibly life-threatening infection of the submandibular space. Symptoms include neck swelling and pain, fever, dysphagia and a significant amount of patients develop airway obstruction that requires prompt therapeutic measures. The diagnosis is made clinically and supported by imaging studies such as CT

endotrachial intubation - slideshare

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